Orleans is a suburb of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. It is located in the eastern part of the city along the Ottawa River, about 16 km (9.9 mi) from downtown Ottawa. The Canada 2011 Census determined that Orleans’ population was 107,823. Prior to being amalgamated into Ottawa in 2001, the community of Orleans was spread over two municipal jurisdictions, the eastern portion being in the pre-amalgamation City of Cumberland, the western portion in the City of Gloucester. According to the 2011 census, 62,888 people lived in the Cumberland portion of Orleans, while 44,935 people lived in the Gloucester portion. Today, Orleans spans the municipal wards of Orleans, Innes and Cumberland. Orleans is one of 3 areas of the post-amalgamated City of Ottawa to contain a significant francophone population, hence the city’s name.
Largely a rural area for a great number of years, the first major suburban subdivision constructed in the community was the Queenswood Heights development starting in the late 1960s. Orleans has continued its steady growth as a suburban community since that time; its southern and easternmost boundaries continue to grow as more houses and businesses are built. Orleans continues to have a sizable French-speaking population, although the proportion of francophones has been decreasing in recent years. The community’s name is spelled with an acute accent in French in the relevant regulation to the City of Ottawa Act, reflective of the area’s francophone heritage.